One of God's strongest warnings for the last days is against
the mark of the Beast. Before identifying this mark, let us learn
the identity of the Beast.
warning does God give against worshiping the Beast? Rev. 14:9, 10
[The Further-study verse is Rev. 18:1-5]
2. Why is
God opposed to the Beast power? Rev. 13:1, 5-7 [Rev. 19:11,19;
does Paul call this power who seeks to exalt himself above God?
2 Thess. 2:3, 4, 8 [Ans: The "man of sin" and "the
lawless one," (NKJV). Rev. 17:1-6]
descriptions in Daniel, compared with what we read in Revelation
13:5-7, show that the "Beast" power is the same as the
"Little Horn" of Daniel 7? Dan. 7:25 [Note:
A "time" is a year (Dan. 4:16-32; Rev. 12:6,14). A time,
two times, and a half a time equal 3 1/2 years, or 42 months, as
denoted in Revelation 13. Revelation 12:14 refers to this period
of time when the Beast rules as 1260 prophetic days (or literal
years). Symbolic time prophecies are based on 30-day months, making
360 days a year. 3 1/2 times 360 equals 1260 days. Rev, 11:2, 3;
12:6, 14; 13:5; Dan 12:7; Eze. 4:6; Num. 14:34]
5. Out of
what kingdom did the little horn (Beast power) arise? Dan.
7:7, 8 [Ans: Out of the fourth kingdom, pagan Rome. See Lesson
7. Rev. 12:1-5; 13:2]
happened to the Roman empire that made it possible for this new
power to arise from its midst? Dan. 2:40, 41 [Ans: It
was broken up. 2 Thess. 2:6,7]
Rome was divided into ten kingdoms between 351 and 476 A.D. When
would the little horn arise? Dan. 7:24 [Note: It arose
as a political power AFTER the ten; but Paul notes in 2 Thessalonians
that, though not ruling politically until pagan Rome was "taken
out of the way," it was already present in his day and would
continue until Jesus' second coming. 2 Thess. 2:7-12]
happened to three kingdoms before the little horn arose and exercised
kingly power? Dan. 7:8 [Note: Three kingdoms from the divisions
of Rome opposed the spiritual supremacy of the papacy. They were
the Heruls, destroyed in 493; the Vandals, destroyed in 534; and
the Ostrogoths, "uprooted" from Rome in 538 and destroyed
in 553. The Pope began exercising civil authority in 538 A.D. 2
the little-horn kingdom be like the others? Dan. 7:24
[Ans. No. It would be religious as well as political. See verse
25. Acts 20:29, 30; 2 Cor. 11: 13-15]
What religious-political power arose out of Rome around 538?
[Ans: The Papacy. Emperor Justinian declared the Pope the ruler
of Rome in 533, but he did not start to reign until 538. The Pope
was the temporal ruler of Rome from 538 until taken captive by Napoleon's
General, Berthier, in 1798--EXACTLY 1260 YEARS FROM WHEN HE STARTED
RULING! Rev. 17:3, 9, 18]
What kind of words does the little horn speak? Dan. 7:25a [Note:
The Roman Catholic Church claims that the Pope "Is not a mere
man, but as it were God." He is crowned with a triple crown
as "king of heaven . . ., earth and . . . the lower regions."
He "is of so great authority that he can modify . . . even
divine laws."-- L. Ferraris, Prompt Bibliotheca, vol. VI, pp.
26-29. 2 Thess. 2:3, 4; Dan. 11:36, 37; Matt. 23:9; 1 Tim. 4:1-3]
What would this power do to the saints? Dan. 7:25b [Note:
It is estimated that 50 million Christians were martyred during
the middle ages. Rev. 17:6; 18:24]
Though the Pope was wounded by losing his political power in
1798, how large an influence will he again exert in the world?
Rev. 13:3 [Rev. 18:1-3]
Does God have true and sincere followers in spiritual "Babylon"?
Rev. 18:4 [Ans: Yes. God calls those within, who are obeying
the truth they know, "My people." It is the system, not
the people, to which God is opposed, for it is a mixture of truth
and error. God loves every person within every false system, but
He is calling them to come out and to join His "sheepfold."
Protestants arose from "protesting" against Rome, but
now even they are "wondering" after the Beast. God has
many people in the Catholic Church, but He is saying, "Come
out of her, My people . . ." (Rev. 18:4). As we will see in
the next lesson, soon all will have to decide between the traditions
of Rome and the commandments of God. Are you willing to follow God
all the way, even if all the world acknowledges another authority?
2 (Lessons 11-20): Accepting Christ's Final Message