Bible Study Guides – Review of the Quarter

June 19, 2004 – June 25, 2004

Memory Verse

“Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.” Romans 15:13.

Suggested Reading: The Faith I Live By, 221.


“In the instruction that Christ gave to His disciples, and to the people of all classes who came to hear His words, there was that which lifted them to a high plane of thought and action. If the words of Christ, instead of the words of men, were given to the learner to-day, we would see evidences of higher intelligence, a clearer comprehension of heavenly things, a deeper knowledge of God, a purer and more vigorous Christian life.” Fundamentals of Christian Education, 518.

1 What was the mission of Jesus to this earth? What do sinners have through the death of Christ? What does the Lord desire to be for every person?

note: “We want clear views of what Jesus is to us. We want to have distinct views of the victories gained in our behalf. He spoiled principalities and powers and made a show of them openly. He broke the fetters of the tomb and came forth to take again His life that He laid down for us. He ascended on high, having led captivity captive and received gifts for men. All this suffering He endured for us. . . . He will be our helper and He will be our refuge in every time of need. He should be revealed in our Christian experience as all-sufficient, a present Saviour.” Our High Calling, 20.

See Luke 19:10; Ephesians 1:7; Isaiah 30:18.

2 Describe man’s condition without Christ. From what are believers delivered? To what spiritual life are they called?

note: “A life in Christ is a life of restfulness. There may be no ecstasy of feeling, but there should be an abiding, peaceful trust. Your hope is not in yourself; it is in Christ. Your weakness is united to His strength, your ignorance to His wisdom, your frailty to His enduring might. So you are not to look to yourself, not to let the mind dwell upon self, but look to Christ. Let the mind dwell upon His love, upon the beauty, the perfection, of His character. Christ in His self-denial, Christ in His humiliation, Christ in His purity and holiness, Christ in His matchless love —this is the subject for the soul’s contemplation. It is by loving Him, copying Him, depending wholly upon Him, that you are to be transformed into His likeness.” Steps to Christ, 70, 71.

See Ephesians 4:17–19; 2:11, 12; Colossians 1:12, 13; 1 Peter 5:10; Romans 3:20–22; Acts 13:39.

3 How do sinners become children of God? What change in the life is made necessary? What fruit of the Spirit will appear? What is the result of an unforgiving spirit?

note: “The condition of eternal life is now just what it always has been,—just what it was in Paradise before the fall of our first parents,—perfect obedience to the law of God, perfect righteousness. If eternal life were granted on any condition short of this, then the happiness of the whole universe would be imperiled. The way would be open for sin, with all its train of woe and misery, to be immortalized.” Steps to Christ, 62.

See Galatians 3:26; John 1:12; 11 Corinthians 5:17; John 3:3, 5; Galatians 5:22, 23; Matthew 6:14, 15.

4 What is assured to the obedient? By what standard will our lives be tested? Relate Abraham’s experience in offering up Isaac.

note: “Many today claim to obey the commandments of God, but they have not the love of God in their hearts to flow forth to others. Christ calls them to unite with Him in His work for the saving of the world, but they content themselves with saying, ‘I go, sir.’ They do not go. They do not co-operate with those who are doing God’s service. They are idlers. . . . In taking upon themselves the solemn covenant of the church they have pledged themselves to receive and obey the word of God, to give themselves to God’s service, but they do not do this. In profession they claim to be sons of God, but in life and character they deny the relationship. They do not surrender the will to God. They are living a lie.” Christ’s Object Lessons, 279.

See Isaiah 1:19; James 2:8–12; 1 John 3:4; Ecclesiastes 12:13; Genesis 22:1–14.

5 What did Jesus say His people would experience in this world? Give examples. Of what value is the trying of our faith? What legacy did Jesus leave with His people when He left the world?

note: “Our heavenly Father sees the hearts of men, and He knows their characters better than they themselves know them. He sees that some have susceptibilities and powers, which, directed in the right channel, might be used to His glory to aid in the advancement of His work. He puts these persons on trial and in His wise providence brings them into different positions and under a variety of circumstances, testing them that they may reveal what is in their hearts and the weak points in their characters which have been concealed from their own knowledge. He gives them opportunities to correct these weaknesses, to polish off the rough corners of their natures, and to fit themselves for His service, that when He calls them to action they will be ready, and that angels of heaven may unite their labor with human effort in the work that must be done upon the earth. To men whom God designs shall fill responsible positions, He in mercy reveals their hidden defects, that they may look within and examine critically the complicated emotions and exercises of their own hearts, and detect that which is wrong; thus they may modify their dispositions and refine their manners. The Lord in His providence brings men where He can test their moral powers and reveal their motives of action, that they may improve what is right in themselves and put away that which is wrong. God would have His servants become acquainted with the moral machinery of their own hearts. In order to bring this about, He often permits the fire of affliction to assail them that they may become purified.” Testimonies, vol. 4, 84, 85.

See John 16:32, 33; Hebrews 11:36–39; 1 Peter 1:6, 7; John 14:27.

6 Whom has the Lord promised to guide into judgment? What invitation does the Lord extend to the weary? Give an illustration of how God cares for His people.

note: “It is not the will of God that His people should be weighed down with care. But our Lord does not deceive us. He does not say to us, ‘Do not fear; there are no dangers in your path.’ He knows there are trials and dangers, and He deals with us plainly. He does not propose to take His people out of a world of sin and evil, but He points them to a never-failing refuge.” Steps to Christ, 122, 123.

See Psalm 25:9; Psalm 55:22; Matthew 11:28–30; Psalm 77:20; Deuteronomy 1:30, 31, 33.

7 What is the greatest personal victory we can gain? What will be considered in the Judgment? What kind of words should we speak? What manner of conversation should characterize Christians? In what kind of speech should Christians never indulge?

note: “God calls upon you to yield pride and stubbornness, and to let His peace rule in your hearts. A meek and quiet spirit must be cherished. Carry Christ’s meekness with you in all your labors. An excited temper and cutting censure will not impress the people or gain their sympathy. If we have the truth, we can afford to be calm and unexcited. Our language should be modest and elevated. The spirit you have cherished within has left its impression upon the countenance. Christ, enthroned in the soul-temple, will efface that fretful, peevish, unhappy look; and as the cloud of witnesses look upon a man reflecting the image of Christ, they will realize that he is surrounded by a pleasant atmosphere. The world will see that amid storms of abuse he stands unmoved, like the lofty cedar. That man is one of God’s heroes. He has overcome himself.” Testimonies, vol. 4, 348.

See Proverbs 16:32; 14:29; Matthew 12:36, 37; Proverbs 15:1, 2; Ephesians 4:29; Colossians 4:6; Ephesians 5:3, 4.

8 What admonition has the Lord given to parents? What instruction is given children concerning their duty toward their parents? How only can the young live a Christian life? What great work is to be wrought in homes before the Lord comes?

note: “A house with love in it, where love is expressed in words and looks and deeds, is a place where angels love to manifest their presence, and hallow the scene by rays of light from glory. There the humble household duties have a charm in them. . . .” Testimonies, vol. 2, 417.

See Ephesians 6:4; Colossians 3:21; Exodus 20:12; Colossians 3:20; Proverbs 1:8; 13:1; Ecclesiastes 11:10; 12:1; Psalm 119:9, 11; Malachi 4:5, 6.

9 Who meets with the people of God when they assemble for worship? How reverently do the heavenly beings worship? What instruction is given to believers concerning modesty of apparel? What should we bring when we come into the Lord’s sanctuary?

note: “When the worshipers enter the place of meeting, they should do so with decorum, passing quietly to their seats. . . . Common talking, whispering, and laughing should not be permitted in the house of worship, either before or after the service. Ardent, active piety should characterize the worshipers.

“If when the people come into the house of worship, they have genuine reverence for the Lord and bear in mind that they are in His presence, there will be a sweet eloquence in silence. The whispering and laughing and talking which might be without sin in a common business place should find no sanction in the house where God is worshiped. The mind should be prepared to hear the word of God, that it may have due weight and suitably impress the heart.” Testimonies, vol. 5, 492.

See Matthew 18:20; Isaiah 6:1–4; 1 Timothy 2:8–10; 1 Peter 3:3, 4; Psalm 96:8; 1 Chronicles 16:29.

10 What warnings are given especially for those living in the last days? On whom are we invited to cast our burdens?

note: “Men are rushing on in the chase for gain and selfish indulgence as if there were no God, no heaven, and no hereafter. In Noah’s day the warning of the flood was sent to startle men in their wickedness and call them to repentance. So the message of Christ’s soon coming is designed to arouse men from their absorption in worldly things. It is intended to awaken them to a sense of eternal realities, that they may give heed to the invitation to the Lord’s table.” Christ’s Object Lessons, 228.

See Luke 21:34; 1 Timothy 6:9–11; 1 John 2:15, 16; Luke 14:33; 1 Peter 5:7.

11 To whom does all in the world belong? Relate the parable of the talents. What lesson does it contain for each of us? What did Jesus state was the greatest commandment of the law?

note: “Many are inquiring, ‘How am I to make the surrender of myself to God?’ You desire to give yourself to Him, but you are weak in moral power, in slavery to doubt, and controlled by the habits of your life of sin. . . . What you need to understand is the true force of the will. . . . The power of choice God has given to men; it is theirs to exercise. You cannot change your heart, you cannot of yourself give to God its affections; but you can choose to serve Him. You can give Him your will; He will then work in you to will and to do according to His good pleasure. Thus your whole nature will be brought under the control of the Spirit of Christ; your affections will be centered upon Him, your thoughts will be in harmony with Him.” Steps to Christ, 47.

See 1 Chronicles 29:10–14; Romans 11:36; Matthew 25:14–30; 22:35–40.

12 By what illustration did Jesus show the place His people occupy in the world? Repeat the gospel commission. Where are we to sow seed?

note: “The spirit of Christ is a missionary spirit.” The Great Controversy, 70.

“A true missionary spirit will be imparted to those who seek earnestly to know God and Jesus Christ, whom He hath sent. The Lord lives and reigns. Young men, go forth into the places to which you are directed by the Spirit of the Lord. Work with your hands, that you may be self-supporting, and as you have opportunity proclaim the message of warning.” Medical Ministry, 322.

See Matthew 5:13–16; 28:18–20; Ecclesiastes 11:1, 6; Isaiah 32:20.

These lessons are reprinted from Sabbath School Lesson Quarterly, Pacific Press Publishing Association, Mountain View, California, 1912.

Bible Study Guides – A Missionary Lesson

June 12, 2004 – June 18, 2004

Memory Verse

“Ye are the light of the world. . . . Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.” Matthew 5:14, 16.

Suggested Reading: The Great Controversy, 61–78; 120–170; 317–342.


“God’s work in the earth in these last days is to reflect the light that Christ brought into the world. This light is to dissipate the gross darkness of ages. Men and women in heathen darkness are to be reached by those who at one time were in a similar condition of ignorance, but who have received the knowledge of the truth of God’s word. These heathen nations will accept eagerly the instruction given them in a knowledge of God.

“Very precious to God is His work in the earth. Christ and heavenly angels are watching it every moment. As we draw near to the coming of Christ, more and still more of missionary work will engage our efforts. The message of the renewing power of God’s grace will be carried to every country and clime, until the truth shall belt the world.” Counsels to Parents, Teachers, and Students, 531, 532.

1 In what instruction does the Lord set forth the position of His people in the world? Matthew 5:13.

note: “A traveler to the Euphrates relates that when he came to the Valley of Salt he broke off a piece that had been exposed to the rain, sun, and air, and found that, though it had all the sparkle and other qualities of salt, it had lost its savor. This is true of many professed Christians. If we desire to salt the world, we must begin with ourselves. We must be good if we wish to do good. Salt has preserving qualities; but before its work can be effective in helping the world, it must be brought into close contact with the world.” Sabbath School Lesson Quarterly, Pacific Press Publishing Association, Mountain View, California, 1912, 31.

2 By what other illustration is the high calling of God’s people emphasized? Matthew 5:14–16.

note: “The light that shines from those who receive Jesus Christ is not self-originated. It is all from the Light and Life of the world. . . . Christ is the light, the life, the holiness, the sanctification, of all who believe, and His light is to be received and imparted in all good works. In many different ways His grace is also acting as the salt of the earth; whithersoever this salt finds its way, to homes or communities, it becomes a preserving power to save all that is good, and to destroy all that is evil. True religion is the light of the world, the salt of the earth. . . .” God’s Amazing Grace, 124.

3 Before Jesus ascended into heaven, what commission did He give to His followers? Matthew 28:18–20.

note: “In the commission to His disciples, Christ not only outlined their work but gave them their message. Teach the people, He said, ‘to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you.’ [Matthew 28:20.] The disciples were to teach what Christ had taught. That which He had spoken, not only in person, but through all the prophets and teachers of the Old Testament, is here included. Human teaching is shut out. There is no place for tradition, for man’s theories and conclusions, or for church legislation. No laws ordained by ecclesiastical authority are included in the commission. None of these are Christ’s servants to teach. ‘The law and the prophets,’ with the record of His own words and deeds, are the treasure committed to the disciples to be given to the world. . . .” Evangelism, 15, 16.

4 To how many has Jesus given His work? Mark 13:34.

note: “All men have been bought with this infinite price [the precious blood of Christ]. By pouring the whole treasury of heaven into this world, by giving us in Christ all heaven, God has purchased the will, the affections, the mind, the soul, of every human being. Whether believers or unbelievers, all men are the Lord’s property. All are called to do service for Him, and for the manner in which they have met this claim, all will be required to render an account at the great judgment day. . . .

“Christ’s followers have been redeemed for service. Our Lord teaches that the true object of life is ministry. Christ Himself was a worker, and to all His followers He gives the law of service—service to God and to their fellow men. Here Christ has presented to the world a higher conception of life than they had ever known. By living to minister for others, man is brought into connection with Christ. The law of service becomes the connecting link which binds us to God and to our fellow men.” Christ’s Object Lessons, 326.

5 What was the mission of Jesus to this world? Luke 19:10. Compare John 20:21, 22.

note: “Christ came to bring salvation within the reach of all. Upon the cross of Calvary He paid the infinite redemption price for a lost world. His self-denial and self-sacrifice, His unselfish labor, His humiliation, above all, the offering up of His life, testifies to the depth of His love for fallen man. It was to seek and to save the lost that He came to earth. His mission was to sinners, sinners of every grade, of every tongue and nation. He paid the price for all, to ransom them and bring them into union and sympathy with Himself.” Testimonies, vol. 5, 603.

6 Where and when are we to sow the seeds of gospel truth? Ecclesiastes 11:1, 6. Compare Isaiah 32:20.

note: “Now is the time to be rich in good works, laying up in store for ourselves a good foundation against the time to come, that we may lay hold on eternal life. One soul saved in the kingdom of God is of more value than all earthly riches. We are answerable to God for the souls of those with whom we are brought in contact, and the closer our connections with our fellow men the greater our responsibility. We are one great brotherhood, and the welfare of our fellow men should be our great interest. We have not one moment to lose. If we have been careless in this matter, it is high time we were now in earnest to redeem the time, lest the blood of souls be found on our garments. As children of God, none of us are excused from taking a part in the great work of Christ in the salvation of our fellow men.” Testimonies, vol. 3, 209.

7 What cheering promise is given to those who do this work faithfully? Psalm 126:5, 6.

note: “If the chosen messengers of the Lord should wait for every obstacle to be moved out of their way, many never would go to search for the scattered sheep. Satan will present many objections in order to keep them from duty. But they will have to go out by faith, trusting in Him who has called them to His work, and He will open the way before them, as far as it will be for their good and His glory. . . . Those who, in Christ’s stead, beseech souls to be reconciled to God, and who hope to reign with Christ in glory, must expect to be partakers of His sufferings here. [Psalm 126:5, 6 quoted.]” Early Writings, 63, 64.

“While they [parents] sow in tears, amid many discouragements, it should be with earnest prayer. They may see the promise of but a late and scanty harvest, yet that should not prevent the sowing. They should sow beside all waters, embracing every opportunity both to improve themselves and to benefit their children. Such seed-sowing will not be in vain. At the harvest time, many faithful parents will return with joy, bringing their sheaves with them.” Review and Herald, August 30, 1881.

8 When the woman of Samaria found Jesus as her Saviour, what did she do? John 4:28, 29.

note: “The Lord has a work for women, as well as for men. They may take their places in His work at this crisis, and He will work through them. If they are imbued with a sense of their duty, and labor under the influence of the Holy Spirit, they will have just the self-possession required for this time. The Saviour will reflect upon these self-sacrificing women the light of His countenance, and will give them a power that exceeds that of men. They can do in families a work that men cannot do, a work that reaches the inner life. They can come close to the hearts of those whom men cannot reach. Their labor is needed.” Review and Herald, August 26, 1902.

9 What were the results of the Samaritan woman’s work? John 4:39.

note: “In the words spoken to the woman at the well, good seed had been sown, and how quickly the harvest was received. The Samaritans came and heard Jesus, and believed on Him. Crowding about Him at the well, they plied Him with questions, and eagerly received His explanations of many things that had been obscure to them. As they listened, their perplexity began to clear away. They were like a people in great darkness tracing up a sudden ray of light till they had found the day. But they were not satisfied with this short conference. They were anxious to hear more, and to have their friends also listen to this wonderful teacher. They invited Him to their city, and begged Him to remain with them. For two days He tarried in Samaria, and many more believed on Him.” The Desire of Ages, 192.

10 What did Andrew do when he found the Saviour? John 1:40, 41.

note: “Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, was . . . interested for his friends and relatives, and was anxious that they also should see Christ, and hear for themselves his precious lessons. Andrew went in search of his brother Simon, and with assurance claimed to have found Christ, the Messiah, the Saviour of the world. He brought his brother to Jesus, and as soon as Jesus looked upon him, he said, Thou art Simon, the son of Jona; thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation a stone.” The Spirit of Prophecy, vol. 2, 64.

11 When Philip began to follow Jesus, what did he do? John 1:45.

note: “[Christ] then calls Philip to follow him, and he went in search of Nathanael. Here is an instructive lesson for all the followers of Christ. It teaches them the importance of personal effort, making direct appeals to relatives, friends, and acquaintances. There are those who profess to be acquainted with Christ for a life time who never make personal effort to induce one soul to come to the Saviour. They have left all the work with the minister. He may be well qualified for his work; but he cannot do the work which God has left upon the members of the church. Very many excuse themselves from being interested in the salvation of those who are out of Christ, and are content to selfishly enjoy the benefits of the grace of God themselves, while they make no direct effort to bring others to Christ. In the vineyard of the Lord there is a work for all to do, and unselfish, interested, faithful workers will share largely of his grace here, and of the reward he will bestow hereafter. Faith is called into exercise by good works, and courage and hope are in accordance with working faith. The reason many professed followers of Christ have not a bright and living experience, is because they do nothing to gain it. If they would engage in the work which God would have them do, their faith would increase, and they would advance in the divine life.” The Spirit of Prophecy, vol. 2, 66.

12 How earnest should we be in the work given us? Why? Ecclesiastes 9:10. Compare Romans 12:11; Colossians 3:23.

note: “The principles that should actuate us as workers in God’s cause are laid down by the apostle Paul. He says: ‘We are laborers together with God.’ ‘Whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to the Lord, and not unto men.’ [1 Corinthians 3:9; Colossians 3:23.] . . .

“When these principles control our hearts, we shall realize that the work is God’s, not ours; that He has the same care for every part of the great whole. When Christ and His glory are made first and love of self is swallowed up in love for souls for whom Christ died, then no worker will be so entirely absorbed in one branch of the cause as to lose sight of the importance of every other. It is selfishness which leads persons to think that the particular part of the work in which they are engaged is the most important of all.” Testimonies, vol. 5, 726, 727.

These lessons are reprinted from Sabbath School Lesson Quarterly, Pacific Press Publishing Association, Mountain View, California, 1912.

Bible Study Guides – Consecration

June 5, 2004 – June 11, 2004

Memory Verse

“I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, [which is] your reasonable service.” Romans 12:1.

Suggested Reading: Christ’s Object Lessons, 325–365; Testimonies, vol. 2, 282–285; Steps to Christ, 43–48.


“The Lord has given men and women capabilities and tact and skill, to be used to his name’s glory. When sincere, earnest efforts are put forth to win souls to God, we shall see of the salvation of God. Those who claim to be Christians should make an unreserved surrender of all they have to the Lord. Their time, their substance, and their influence are required of them by him who willingly gave himself to save to the uttermost all who come to him. Those who claim to be children of God should throw the whole weight of their influence on the side of Christ, for his sake practicing self-denial and self-sacrifice. There is need of close communion with God and entire conformity to his will. This is the secret of gaining the power that will convict and convert sinners.” The General Conference Bulletin, July 1, 1900.

1 When David was preparing to build the temple, what question did he ask the people? 1 Chronicles 29:5.

note: “[1 Chronicles 29:5 quoted.] The response came not only in liberal offerings of treasures to meet the expense of the building, but also in willing service in the various lines of God’s work. Hearts were filled with a desire to return to the Lord His own, by consecrating to His service all the energies of mind and body. Those upon whom had been placed burdens of state, determined to labor heartily and unselfishly, using for God the skill and ability He had given them.” “Ellen G. White Comments,” Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary, vol. 3, 1129.

2 With what spirit did the leaders of the people respond? 1 Chronicles 29:6. Compare Exodus 35:21.

note: “The liberality of the Jews in the construction of the tabernacle and the erection of the temple illustrates a spirit of benevolence which has not been equaled by Christians of any later date. . . .

“[The children of Israel] had small possessions and no flattering prospect of adding to them; but an object was before them—to build a tabernacle for God. The Lord had spoken, and they must obey His voice. They withheld nothing. All gave with a willing hand, not a certain amount of their increase, but a large portion of their actual possessions. They devoted it gladly and heartily to the Lord, and pleased Him by so doing. . . .

“No urging was needed. The people brought even more than was required, and were told to desist, for there was already more than could be appropriated. Again, in building the temple, the call for means met with a hearty response. The people did not give reluctantly. They rejoiced in the prospect of a building being erected for the worship of God, and donated more than enough for the purpose.” Testimonies, vol. 4, 77, 78.

3 To whom did that which they gave really belong? 1 Chronicles 29:10–14; Romans 11:36.

note: “It was God who had provided the people with the riches of earth, and His Spirit had made them willing to bring their precious things for the temple. . . .

“All that men receive of God’s bounty still belongs to God. Whatever He has bestowed in the valuable and beautiful things of earth is placed in our hands to test us, to sound the depths of our love for Him and our appreciation of His favors. Whether it be the treasures of wealth or of intellect, they are to be laid, a willing offering, at the feet of Jesus.” Testimonies, vol. 5, 736.

4 What complete consecration is set before us by the apostle Paul? Romans 12:1, 2.

note: “There are many in the church who at heart belong to the world, but God calls upon those who claim to believe the advanced truth, to rise above the present attitude of the popular churches of today. Where is the self-denial, where is the cross-bearing that Christ has said should characterize His followers? The reason we have had so little influence upon unbelieving relatives and associates is that we have manifested little decided difference in our practices from those of the world. Parents need to awake, and purify their souls by practicing the truth in their home life. When we reach the standard that the Lord would have us reach, worldlings will regard Seventh-day Adventists as odd, singular, strait-laced extremists. ‘We are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men.’ ” Fundamentals of Christian Education, 289.

5 How complete was the consecration of the churches of Macedonia? 11 Corinthians 8:2-5.

note: “Nearly all the Macedonian believers were poor in this world’s goods, but their hearts were overflowing with love for God and His truth, and they gladly gave for the support of the gospel. When general collections were taken up in the Gentile churches for the relief of the Jewish believers, the liberality of the converts in Macedonia was held up as an example to other churches. . . .

“The willingness to sacrifice on the part of the Macedonian believers came as a result of wholehearted consecration. Moved by the Spirit of God, they ‘first gave their own selves to the Lord’ (11 Corinthians 8:5), then they were willing to give freely of their means for the support of the gospel. It was not necessary to urge them to give; rather, they rejoiced in the privilege of denying themselves even of necessary things in order to supply the needs of others.” The Acts of the Apostles, 343.

6 What is written of Caleb’s consecration to the Lord? Numbers 14:22–24.

note: “Caleb was faithful and steadfast. He was not boastful, he made no parade of his merits and good deeds; but his influence was always on the side of right. . . . While the cowards and murmurers perished in the wilderness, faithful Caleb had a home in the promised Canaan.” Testimonies, vol. 5, 303, 304.

7 In the parable of the talents, what did the Lord give to His servants? Matthew 25:14, 15.

note: “The special gifts of the Spirit are not the only talents represented in the parable. It includes all gifts and endowments, whether original or acquired, natural or spiritual. All are to be employed in Christ’s service. In becoming His disciples, we surrender ourselves to Him with all that we are and have. These gifts He returns to us purified and ennobled, to be used for His glory in blessing our fellow men.” Christ’s Object Lessons, 328.

8 What increase was given to those who consecrated these talents to the Lord? What reward? Matthew 25:16, 17, 20–23.

note: “Do all church members realize that all they have is given them to be used and improved to God’s glory? God keeps a faithful account with every human being in our world. And when the day of reckoning comes, the faithful steward takes no credit to himself. He does not say, ‘My pound,’ but ‘Thy pound hath gained’ other pounds. He knows that without the entrusted gift no increase could have been made. He feels that in faithfully discharging his stewardship he has but done his duty. The capital was the Lord’s, and by His power he was enabled to trade upon it successfully. His name only should be glorified. Without the entrusted capital he knows that he would have been bankrupt for eternity.” Counsels on Stewardship, 111, 112.

“When the cases of all come in review before God, the question, What did they profess? is never asked, but, What have they done? Have they been doers of the word? Have they lived for themselves? or have they been exercised in works of benevolence, in deeds of kindness, in love, preferring others before themselves, and denying themselves that they might bless others?

“If the record shows that this has been their life, that their characters have been marked with tenderness, self-denial, and benevolence, they will receive the blessed assurance and benediction from Christ, ‘Well done,’ ‘Come, ye blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.’ ” Ibid., 129.

9 What did the servant do that had been given only one talent? Matthew 25:18. What was the result of neglecting to consecrate to God the talent given him? Verses 24–29.

note: “The man who received the one talent ‘went and digged in the earth, and hid his lord’s money.’ [Matthew 25:18.]

“It was the one with the smallest gift who left his talent unimproved. In this is given a warning to all who feel that the smallness of their endowments excuses them from service for Christ. If they could do some great thing, how gladly would they undertake it; but because they can serve only in little things, they think themselves justified in doing nothing. In this they err. The Lord in His distribution of gifts is testing character. The man who neglected to improve his talent proved himself an unfaithful servant. Had he received five talents, he would have buried them as he buried the one. His misuse of the one talent showed that he despised the gifts of heaven.” Christ’s Object Lessons, 355.

10 What consecration of earthly things does the Lord require? Luke 14:33.

note: “In giving ourselves to God, we must necessarily give up all that would separate us from Him. Hence the Saviour says, ‘Whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be My disciple.’ Luke 14:33. Whatever shall draw away the heart from God must be given up. Mammon is the idol of many. The love of money, the desire for wealth, is the golden chain that binds them to Satan. Reputation and worldly honor are worshiped by another class. The life of selfish ease and freedom from responsibility is the idol of others. But these slavish bands must be broken. We cannot be half the Lord’s and half the world’s. We are not God’s children unless we are such entirely.” Steps to Christ, 44.

11 What besides earthly goods must we consecrate to God? What reward is promised to those who do this? Mark 10:28–30.

note: “We cannot serve God and the world at the same time. We must not center our affections on worldly relatives, who have no desire to learn the truth. We may seek in every way, while associated with them, to let our light shine; but our words, our deportment, our customs and practices, should not in any sense be molded by their ideas and customs. We are to show forth the truth in all our intercourse with them. If we cannot do this, the less association we have with them, the better it will be for our spirituality. If we place ourselves among associates whose influence has a tendency to make us forgetful of the high claims the Lord has upon us we invite temptation and become too weak in moral power to resist it. We come to partake of the spirit and cherish the ideas of our associates and to place sacred and eternal things lower than the ideas of our friends. We are, in short, leavened just as the enemy of all righteousness designed we should be.” Testimonies, vol. 5, 543.

“Every effort to overcome selfishness and sin, every effort to use the talents God has given, not to glorify self, but to honor God, will make us more meet to be among those who shall be blessed in the kingdom of God. Those who deny self become partakers of the divine nature, and are one with Christ and the Father. The daily experience of this life is preparing us to become members of the royal family. Jesus came to this earth to engage in a struggle with Satan and his angels in behalf of fallen men. Jesus knows the temptations and difficulties that man will have to meet in the battle, and he knows and is touched with the feeling of our infirmities. While he takes his followers to an eminence, and shows to them the vast confederacy of evil that is arrayed against them, he also shows them the crown of life. He reminds them that there is much at stake, and shows them the plan of the battle, pointing out their dangers, and bidding them count the cost. He sets before them the fact that if they are victorious in the conflict, they gain everything. He tells them that heavenly angels will cooperate with them against the hosts of evil, and that they may become workers together with God, because they are children of light and not of darkness. Their warfare will consist in pressing back the powers of darkness, in taking the strongholds of the enemy, and he shows them that they have One mightier than the angels of heaven in their ranks. The Captain of the Lord’s host is with them, and gives them divine assistance. His voice is heard saying, ‘Be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.’ ” The Signs of the Times, April 4, 1895.

12 What answer did Jesus give to the lawyer when asked as to which is the greatest commandment in the law? Matthew 22:35–40.

note: “The law of God requires that man shall love God supremely, and his neighbor as himself. When through the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, this is perfectly done, we shall be complete in Christ.” God’s Amazing Grace, 145.

These lessons are reprinted from Sabbath School Lesson Quarterly, Pacific Press Publishing Association, Mountain View, California, 1912.

Bible Study Guides – Warning and Invitation

May 29, 2004 – June 4, 2004

Memory Verse

“So likewise, whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple.” Luke 14:33.

Suggested Reading: The Desire of Ages, 489, 518–523; Christ’s Object Lessons, 252–259.


“Watch and pray always. Dedicate yourself unreservedly to the Lord, and it will not then be difficult to serve Him. You have a divided heart. This is the reason that darkness, instead of light, encircles you. The last message of mercy is now going forth. It is a token of the long-suffering and compassion of God. Come, is the invitation now given. Come, for all things are now ready. This is mercy’s last call. Next will come the vengeance of an offended God.” Testimonies, vol. 2, 225.

1 What admonition is given by the apostle Paul in Hebrews 12:1?

note: “[Hebrews 12:1 quoted.] The weights that are here referred to are the evil habits and practices we have formed by following our own natural dispositions. Who are the witnesses? They are those . . . who have breasted the evils and difficulties in their way, and who in the name of the Lord have braced themselves successfully against the opposing forces of evil. They were sustained and strengthened and the Lord held them by His hand.

“There are other witnesses. All about us are those who are watching us closely, to see how we who profess a belief in the truth conduct ourselves. At all times and in all places, so far as possible, we must magnify the truth before the world.” “Ellen G. White Comments,” Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary, vol. 7, 934.

2 What words did Jesus utter against some of the cities of Galilee? Matthew 11:20–24.

note: “It is time that we were closely examining our hearts to see whether or not we are in the faith and in the love of God. If there is not an awakening among us who have had so great light and so many privileges, we shall sink to ruin, and our fate will be worse than that of Chorazin and Bethsaida.” Testimonies, vol. 5, 529.

3 What warning is given to us? Hebrews 4:1.

note: “While God has given ample evidence for faith, He will never remove all excuse for unbelief. All who look for hooks to hang their doubts upon will find them. And those who refuse to accept and obey God’s word until every objection has been removed, and there is no longer an opportunity for doubt, will never come to the light.

“Distrust of God is the natural outgrowth of the unrenewed heart, which is at enmity with Him. But faith is inspired by the Holy Spirit, and it will flourish only as it is cherished. No man can become strong in faith without a determined effort. Unbelief strengthens as it is encouraged; and if men, instead of dwelling upon the evidences which God has given to sustain their faith, permit themselves to question and cavil, they will find their doubts constantly becoming more confirmed.” The Great Controversy, 527.

4 What special warning is given to those living in the last days? Luke 21:34. Compare Luke 17:26–30.

note: “[Luke 21:34 quoted.] Our danger is presented before us by Christ Himself. He knew the perils we should meet in these last days, and would have us prepare for them. ‘As it was in the days of Noah, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man.’ [Luke 17:26.] They were eating and drinking, planting and building, marrying and giving in marriage, and knew not until the day that Noah entered into the ark, and the Flood came and swept them all away. The day of God will find men absorbed in like manner in the business and pleasures of the world, in feasting and gluttony, and in indulging perverted appetite in the defiling use of liquor and the narcotic tobacco. This is already the condition of our world, and these indulgences are found even among God’s professed people, some of whom are following the customs and partaking of the sins of the world. Lawyers, mechanics, farmers, traders, and even ministers from the pulpit are crying, ‘Peace and safety,’ when destruction is fast coming upon them.” Testimonies, vol. 4, 309.

5 What are we admonished to do that we may be kept steadfast? Luke 21:36.

note: “In consideration of the shortness of time we as a people should watch and pray, and in no case allow ourselves to be diverted from the solemn work of preparation for the great event before us. Because the time is apparently extended, many have become careless and indifferent in regard to their words and actions. They do not realize their danger and do not see and understand the mercy of our God in lengthening their probation, that they may have time to form characters for the future, immortal life. Every moment is of the highest value. Time is granted them, not to be employed in studying their own ease and becoming dwellers on the earth, but to be used in the work of overcoming every defect in their own characters and in helping others, by example and personal effort, to see the beauty of holiness. God has a people upon the earth who in faith and holy hope are tracing down the roll of fast-fulfilling prophecy and are seeking to purify their souls by obeying the truth, that they may not be found without the wedding garment when Christ shall appear. . . . The signs foretold in prophecy are fast fulfilling around us. This should arouse every true follower of Christ to zealous action.” Testimonies, vol. 4, 306, 307.

6 What warning is given against seeking after the riches of the world? 1 Timothy 6:9–11. Compare 1 John 2:15, 16.

note: “The Bible does not condemn the rich man because he is rich; it does not declare the acquisition of wealth to be a sin, nor does it say that money is the root of all evil. On the contrary, the Scriptures state that it is God who gives the power to get wealth. And this ability is a precious talent if consecrated to God and employed to advance His cause. The Bible does not condemn genius or art; for these come of the wisdom which God gives. We cannot make the heart purer or holier by clothing the body in sackcloth, or depriving the home of all that ministers to comfort, taste, or convenience.

“The Scriptures teach that wealth is a dangerous possession only when placed in competition with the immortal treasure. It is when the earthly and temporal absorbs the thoughts, the affections, the devotion which God claims, that it becomes a snare. Those who are bartering the eternal weight of glory for a little of the glitter and tinsel of earth, the everlasting habitations for a home which can be theirs but a few years at best, are making an unwise choice.” Counsels on Stewardship, 138, 139.

7 What renunciation of the world is necessary for the Christian? Luke 14:33.

note: “In giving ourselves to God, we must necessarily give up all that would separate us from Him. . . . Whatever shall draw away the heart from God must be given up. Mammon is the idol of many. The love of money, the desire for wealth, is the golden chain that binds them to Satan. Reputation and worldly honor are worshiped by another class. The life of selfish ease and freedom from responsibility is the idol of others. But these slavish bands must be broken. We cannot be half the Lord’s and half the world’s. We are not God’s children unless we are such entirely.” Steps to Christ, 44.

8 What is the result of allowing worldly things to occupy a place in the heart? Luke 8:14.

note: “The very blessings which God has given to these men [professed believers] to prove them, to see if they will render ‘unto God the things that are God’s,’ [Matthew 22:21] they use as an excuse that they cannot obey the claims of truth. They have grasped their earthly treasure in their arms and say, ‘I must take care of these things; I must not neglect the things of this life; these things are mine.’ Thus the hearts of these men have become as unimpressible as the beaten highway. They close the door of their hearts to the heavenly messenger, who says, ‘Come; for all things are now ready,’ and throw it open, inviting the entrance of the world’s burden and business cares, and Jesus knocks in vain for admittance.

“Their hearts are so overgrown with thorns and with the cares of this life that heavenly things can find no place in them.” Testimonies, vol. 3, 384.

9 What warning is given to some who are looking for the coming of Jesus? What will be the result of such unbelief? Matthew 24:48–51.

note: “[Matthew 24:48–51 quoted.] Let there be an earnest consideration of these words. Let none say, ‘That does not mean me; I am a Christian.’ Who says this, yourself or He who reads the heart? The unfaithful steward had solemn responsibilities entrusted to him; before the world he appeared as a servant of Christ; but, oh, how deplorable for himself, and for all connected with him; he is an evil servant! He is imperiling his Lord’s goods. He is teaching souls to trample upon the holy law of God. He calls Christ, ‘My Lord.’ But he says, ‘My Lord delayeth His coming.’ He does not say that Christ will not come; he does not scoff at the idea of His second coming; but he tells the people that His coming is delayed. He is removing from the minds of others the conviction that the Lord is coming quickly. His influence leads men to presumptuous, careless delay. Thus they are off their watch and they echo the words of the unfaithful watcher; still others catch them up, and the evil spirit, and men are confirmed in their worldliness and stupor. Their course is downward, not upward; they are not looking for and hasting unto the day of God. Earthly passions, corrupt thoughts, take possession of the mind.” Testimonies to Ministers and Gospel Workers, 237, 238.

10 What admonition is given to all? Mark 13:35–37.

note: “When Jesus ceases to plead for man, the cases of all are forever decided. This is the time of reckoning with His servants. To those who have neglected the preparation of purity and holiness, which fits them to be waiting ones to welcome their Lord, the sun sets in gloom and darkness, and rises not again. Probation closes; Christ’s intercessions cease in heaven. This time finally comes suddenly upon all, and those who have neglected to purify their souls by obeying the truth are found sleeping. They became weary of waiting and watching; they became indifferent in regard to the coming of their Master. They longed not for His appearing, and thought there was no need of such continued, persevering watching. They had been disappointed in their expectations and might be again. They concluded that there was time enough yet to arouse. They would be sure not to lose the opportunity of securing an earthly treasure. It would be safe to get all of this world they could. And in securing this object, they lost all anxiety and interest in the appearing of the Master. They became indifferent and careless, as though His coming were yet in the distance. But while their interest was buried up in their worldly gains, the work closed in the heavenly sanctuary, and they were unprepared.” Testimonies, vol. 2, 191.

11 What comforting promise is given to those who remain steadfast? Revelation 3:10.

note: “In the time of trial before us God’s pledge of security will be placed upon those who have kept the word of His patience. Christ will say to His faithful ones: ‘Come, My people, enter thou into thy chambers, and shut thy doors about thee: hide thyself as it were for a little moment, until the indignation be overpast.’ Isaiah 26:20. The Lion of Judah, so terrible to the rejectors of His grace, will be the Lamb of God to the obedient and faithful. The pillar of cloud which speaks wrath and terror to the transgressor of God’s law is light and mercy and deliverance to those who have kept His commandments. The arm strong to smite the rebellious will be strong to deliver the loyal.” Testimonies, vol. 6, 404.

12 On whom are we invited to cast our burdens? 1 Peter 5:7. What will this surrender bring to the trusting soul? Matthew 11:28–30.

note: “The Lord estimates every weight before He allows it to rest upon the heart of those who are laborers together with Him. Jesus has borne sorrows and burdens, and He knows just what they are. He has His eye upon every laborer. . . . The Lord invites you to roll your burden on Him for He carries you on His heart.

“Then have real practical faith in Jesus, and believe He will carry every load great or small. You must take the anxieties to Jesus, and believe He takes them, and bears them for you . . . .” Christian Leadership, 76, 77.

These lessons are reprinted from Sabbath School Lesson Quarterly, Pacific Press Publishing Association, Mountain View, California, 1912.

Food for Life – Mulligan

“I am given a message to give to you: Eat at regular periods. By wrong habits of eating, you are preparing yourself for future suffering. It is not always safe to comply with invitations to meals, even though given by your brethren and friends, who wish to lavish upon you many kinds of food. You know that you can eat two or three kinds of food at a meal without injury to your digestive organs. When you are invited out to a meal, shun the many varieties of food that those who have invited you set before you. This you must do if you would be a faithful sentinel. When food is placed before us, which, if eaten, would cause the digestive organs hours of hard work, we must not, if we eat this food, blame those who set it before us for the result. God expects us to decide for ourselves to eat that food only which will not cause suffering to the digestive organs.” Counsels on Diet and Foods, 169.

Recipe – Mulligan

1 medium onion, chopped

2 cups walnut burger*

1 20-ounce can stewed tomatoes

1 8-ounce can tomato sauce

1/2 cup water

1 4-ounce can sliced olives

1 cup frozen corn

1/2 teaspoon salt, or to taste

1 teaspoon chili powder, or to taste

1/2 teaspoon onion powder

1/2 teaspoon garlic powder

1 8-ounce package medium noodles

Sauté onion in small amount of olive oil or water. Add walnut burger and brown a little. Add all other ingredients and simmer for 20–30 minutes. More liquid may be added, if needed, to rehydrate the walnut burger. While this mixture is simmering, cook the noodles in salted water. Add cooked noodles to the tomato and walnut burger mixture. Place mixture in a 9×13 inch casserole and bake at 350 degrees for 30–35 minutes.

*The recipe for walnut burger was featured in the September 2002 LandMarks. Two cups, or one 20-ounce can, of your choice of vegeburger may be used in place of the walnut burger.

Mulligan has been a long-time favorite of Vivian Semmens’ family. Vivian and her husband, Bruce, reside in Lakewood, Colorado.

Ask the Pastor – Musical Instruments in Church


Our neighbors believe that instruments of any kind, including piano and organ, are not to be played in church. They sing without instrumental music of any kind in their church services. They say that the New Testament does not permit instrumental music. What does the Bible really say about this?


This indeed is an age-old question that needs an answer. While church music has gone through a great change in the last decade or so, using all kinds of music and instruments that are offensive to the ears and hearts of many believers, we cannot throw out the baby with the bath water.

There are churches that believe that no musical instruments should be played in the church, but in doing this they are extremely inconsistent with what they claim the Bible teaches. They claim if the New Testament does not mention musical instruments for the worship of God or in the church, then this is evidence enough that no one should use them.

Just because something is not mentioned in the New Testament does not override that which has already been stated in the Old Testament. The whole of the New Testament is founded upon the Old Testament. If we are claiming that we are only to use the New Testament for our doctrine and standards, then chances are we will miss the very point God would want us to understand. This is narrow mindedness in the first order!

These same people, who would not want to use musical instruments in the church, would be the first to condemn anyone for the violation of the instruction given in Leviticus 18:23, which deals with bestiality. You will not find any references forbidding such an act in the New Testament. Why? The subject has already been covered in the Old Testament. It is strictly prohibited. These same people would, without any hesitation, tell you that such acts, as are mentioned only in the Old Testament, are morally wrong, and people who commit such acts will end up in hellfire. But, where in the New Testament do you find such prohibition? No place! However, since musical instruments are not mentioned in the New Testament, a different criterion arises. This is very inconsistent! We need to remember that the Bible is a complete whole.

Musical instruments were used in Old Testament times, and this is what sets the precedent. Read 11 Chronicles 5:11–14; 29:25–29; Revelation 5:6–9; 14:2–3. If God was worshipped in the Old Testament with musical instruments, and He is being worshipped in heaven with musical instruments, then why would we not worship Him with musical instruments?

We should keep in mind, however, that the use of musical instruments should not create a bedlam of noise that shocks the senses. This type of music is an invention of Satan to cover up his ingenious methods for making of none effect the pure, sincere, elevating, ennobling, sanctifying truth for this time.

Should we be so narrow as to say that, just because the subject is not mentioned concerning the early church, we are not to use musical instruments in our worship services now? No, instruction and examples have been provided in the Old Testament. Although musical instruments are not mentioned in New Testament times, they are not forbidden for use in worship.

Pastor Mike Baugher is Associate Speaker for Steps to Life Ministry. If you have a question you would like Pastor Mike to answer, e-mail it to:, or mail it to: LandMarks, Steps to Life Ministry, P. O. Box 782828, Wichita, KS 67278.

Restoring the Temple – Foodborne Diseases

Infectious diseases spread through food or beverages are a common, distressing, and sometimes life-threatening problem for millions of people in the United States and around the world. The U. S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates 76 million people suffer foodborne illnesses each year in the United States, accounting for 325,000 hospitalizations and more than 5,000 deaths.

Foodborne disease is extremely costly. Health experts estimate that the yearly cost of all foodborne diseases in the United States is $5 to $6 billion in direct medical expenses and lost productivity. Infections with the bacteria Salmonella alone account for $1 billion yearly in direct and indirect medical costs.

There are more than 250 known foodborne diseases. Bacteria cause most cases, followed by viruses and parasites. Natural and manufactured chemicals in food products also can make people sick. Some diseases are caused by toxins (poisons) from the disease-causing organism, others by bodily reactions to the organism itself. People infected with food-borne germs may have no symptoms or may develop symptoms ranging from mild intestinal discomfort to severe dehydration and bloody diarrhea.

Recently, public health, agriculture, and environmental officials have expressed growing concern over keeping the nation’s food and water supply safe from terrorist acts.

In this article, five foodborne diseases caused by bacteria will be described: Botulism, Campylobac-teriosis, E. coli infection, Salmonellosis, and Shigellosis.

Vegetarians, especially vegan-vegetarians, may think they are immune to these diseases. It is true that, when we hear about these diseases, the instances are generally related to the handling or eating of meat. But read the facts about each disease carefully. The dangers for meat eaters have not been included in this article to more clearly highlight the susceptibility of vegetarians to these diseases.


Botulism is a rare but serious illness caused by botulinum toxin (poison) produced by Clostridium botulinum bacteria. This toxin affects the nerves and, if untreated, can cause paralysis and respiratory failure. U. S. health care providers report an average of 110 cases of food, infant, and wound botulism to CDC each year. About 10 to 30 outbreaks of foodborne botulism are reported every year. Although this illness does not occur frequently, it can be fatal if not treated quickly and properly.


Often, cases of foodborne botulism come from home-canned foods with low acid content, such as asparagus, green beans, beets, and corn. C. botulinum is anaerobic, which means it can survive and grow with little or no oxygen. Therefore, it can survive very well in sealed containers. Outbreaks of the infection, however, are often from more unusual sources such as chili peppers, tomatoes, and improperly handled baked potatoes wrapped in aluminum foil.

Symptoms and Treatment

Symptoms of foodborne botulism usually begin within 18 to 36 hours after eating contaminated food, but can occur in as few as 6 hours or as much as 10 days afterward. They include double vision and drooping eyelids, slurred speech, dry mouth and difficulty swallowing, and weak muscles.

A health care provider can use laboratory tests to identify C. botulinum toxin in the blood or stool of an infected person. If diagnosed early, health care providers can treat foodborne botulism successfully with an antitoxin that blocks the action of the bacterial toxin circulating in the blood. Although antitoxin keeps the disease from becoming worse, recovery still takes many weeks. Sometimes doctors try to remove contaminated food still in the gut by making the patient vomit or by giving the patient an enema.

Patients who develop severe botulism experience breathing failure and paralysis and need to be put on ventilators (breathing machines). If left untreated, this illness can cause paralysis of the arms, legs, trunk, and muscles that help with breathing. The paralysis usually improves slowly over several weeks.

  1. botulinum toxin is one of the most potent toxins known in nature. Exposure to the toxin, particularly in an aerosolized form, can be fatal. It has been weaponized by rogue states and is a focus of current counter-bioterrorism efforts.


Steps to prevent foodborne botulism include following strict hygienic steps when home canning; refrigerating oils with garlic or herbs; keeping baked potatoes wrapped in aluminum foil hot until served or refrigerated; and boiling home-canned food before eating it, to kill any bacteria which might lurk in the food.


Campylobacteriosis is an infectious disease caused by Campylo-bacter bacteria. Campylobacter jejuni, C. fetus, and C. coli are the types that usually cause campylobacteriosis in people. C. jejuni causes most cases of the illness.

According to CDC, C. jejuni is the leading cause of bacterial diarrheal illness in the United States, affecting an estimated 2.4 million people every year. The bacteria cause between 5 and 14 percent of all diarrheal illness worldwide. C. jejuni primarily affects children under five years old and young adults (15–29 years old). Health care providers report more than 10,000 cases to CDC yearly. In the United States, few people die from Campylobacter infection.


Drinking non-chlorinated water or handling infected animal or human feces can infect a person. Most frequently, poultry and cattle waste are the sources of the bacteria, but feces from puppies, kittens, and birds also may be contaminated.

Symptoms and Treatment

The symptoms of campylobac-teriosis include diarrhea (often bloody), abdominal cramping and pain, nausea and vomiting, fever, and tiredness.

Some infected people have no symptoms. Campylobacteriosis usually lasts for two to five days, but in some cases as long as ten days. Rarely, some people have convulsions with fever or meningitis.

A health care provider can use laboratory tests to identify Campy-lobacter in the stool of an infected person. Most people infected with Campylobacter will get better with no special treatment. If a person needs treatment, a health care provider can prescribe an antibiotic. Those with diarrhea should drink plenty of water.

Some people infected with Cam-pylobacter develop arthritis. A small number of people with campylo-bacteriosis may develop Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS), the leading cause of acute paralysis in the United States. This rare condition develops from two to four weeks after Campylobacter infection and usually after diarrheal symptoms have disappeared. People with GBS suffer from increasing paralysis of the limbs, which lasts for several weeks. In more severe cases, they develop breathing problems requiring very long hospital stays.


Washing hands before preparing food, drinking chlorinated or boiled water, and washing hands after handling pet feces or visiting zoos and petting zoos facilitates prevention of campylobacteriosis.

  1. coli Infection

Certain types of Escherichia coli bacteria, commonly called E. coli can cause foodborne illness. Harmless strains of E. coli can be found widely in nature, including the intestinal tracts of humans and warm-blooded animals. Disease-causing strains, however, are a frequent cause of both intestinal and urinary-genital tract infections.

Several different strains of harm-ful E. coli can cause diarrheal di-sease. A particularly dangerous type is called enterohemorrhagic E. coli, or EHEC. EHEC often causes bloody diarrhea and can lead to kidney failure in children or people with weakened immune systems.

In 1982, scientists identified the first dangerous strain in the United States. The type of harmful E. coli most commonly found in this country is named O157:H7, which refers to chemical compounds found on the bacterium’s surface. This type produces one or more related, powerful toxins, which can severely damage the lining of the intestines. Other types, including O26:H11 and O111:H8, have also been found in this country and can cause human disease.


Cattle are the main sources of E. coli O157:H7, but other domestic and wild mammals can also harbor these bacteria. E. coli bacteria and its toxins have also been found in alfalfa sprouts, lettuce, unpasteurized apple juice and apple cider, and contaminated well water.

Unsuspecting swimmers have been infected by accidentally swal-lowing unchlorinated or under-chlorinated water in swimming pools contaminated by human feces. Swimming in sewage-contaminated water can also infect people.

Symptoms and Treatment

  1. coli toxin can damage the lining of the intestine and cause other symptoms including: nausea, severe abdominal cramps, watery or very bloody diarrhea, tiredness, and, occasionally, low-grade fever or vomiting.

Symptoms usually begin from two to five days after eating contaminated food and may last for eight days.

A health care provider can use laboratory tests to identify E. coli in the stool of an infected person. Most people recover from E. coli infection within five to ten days without treatment. Antibiotics are usually not helpful, and health care experts recommend against taking antidiarrheal medicines.

Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a serious complication of EHEC, can lead to kidney failure. In North America, HUS is the most common cause of acute kidney failure in children, who are particularly prone to this complication. This life-threatening condition is usually treated in an intensive care unit of a hospital, sometimes with blood transfusions and kidney dialysis.


Avoiding unpasteurized juices and washing fresh fruits and vege-tables thoroughly before eating raw or cooking are wise preventative steps.

Other Types

Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC), which produce a toxin similar to Cholera toxin, can cause diarrhea. These strains typically cause so-called travelers diarrhea because they are prevalent contaminants in food and water in developing countries.

Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) are associated with persistent diarrhea (lasting two weeks or more) and are more common in developing countries where they can be transmitted by contaminated water or contact with infected animals. Health experts do not know how much disease some of these other types of E. coli cause in the United States.


Salmonellosis, or salmonella, is an infection caused by Salmonella bacteria. Salmonella infections are increasing in the United States. Many types of this bacteria cause disease in animals and people. While the occurrence of different types of Salmonella varies from country to country, Salmonella typhimurium and S. enteritidis are the two most commonly found in the United States.

In 1984, an antibiotic-resistant strain of S. typhimurium, called Definitive Type 104 (DT104), was first found in the United Kingdom and recently in the United States. Now it is the second most common strain (after S. enteritidis) of Salmonella found in humans. This strain poses a major new threat because it is resistant to several antibiotics normally used to treat people with Salmonella infections.

Salmonellosis may occur in small, contained outbreaks in the general population or in large outbreaks in hospitals, restaurants, or institutions for children or the elderly. While the disease is found worldwide, health experts most often report cases in North America and Europe. Every year, CDC receives reports of 40,000 cases of salmonellosis in the United States. The agency estimates that 1.4 million people in this country are infected, however, and that 1,000 people die each year with salmonellosis. Symptoms are most severe in the elderly, infants, and people with chronic conditions. People with AIDS are particularly vulnerable to salmonellosis—often suffering from recurring episodes.


Salmonella bacteria can be found sometimes on unwashed fruit. Food prepared on surfaces that previously contained raw meat or meat products can, in turn, become contaminated with the bacteria. This is called cross-contamination.

In the past few years, CDC has received reports of several cases of salmonellosis from eating raw alfalfa sprouts grown in contaminated soil. Salmonella infection frequently occurs after handling pets, particularly reptiles like snakes, turtles, and lizards.

Salmonellosis can become a chronic infection in some people who may not have symptoms. Though they may have no symptoms, they can spread the disease by not washing their hands before preparing food for others. In fact, health care experts recommend that people who know they have salmonellosis not prepare food or pour water for others until a laboratory test shows they no longer carry Salmonella.

Symptoms and Treatment

Symptoms of salmonellosis include diarrhea, fever, abdominal cramps, and headache. In most people, symptoms begin from 12 hours to 3 days after being infected. These symptoms, along with possible nausea, loss of appetite, and vomiting, usually last for four to seven days. Diar-rhea can be severe and require hospi-talization.

A health care provider can use laboratory tests to identify Salmonella in the stool of an infected person.

Most cases of salmonellosis clear up within five to seven days and do not require treat-ment. People with severe diar-rhea may need intravenous fluids. If the infection spreads from the intestines into the bloodstream, health care providers can treat it with antibiotics such as ampicillin.

While most people recover successfully from salmonellosis, a few may develop a chronic condition called Reiter’s syndrome. This syndrome can last for months or years and can lead to arthritis. Its symptoms are painful joints, irritated eyes, and painful urination.

Unless treated properly, Salmonella can escape from the intestine and spread by blood to other organs, sometimes leading to death.

Typhoid fever, a more serious disease, results from infection with S. typhi. This disease, which can be fatal if untreated, is not common in the United States. It is frequently found in developing countries, usually in contaminated water. It is also a risk in areas where flooding or earthquakes cause sewer systems to overflow.

Appropriate antibiotics are usu-ally effective for treating typhoid fever, although the incidence of antibiotic-resistant S. typhi is increasing in some parts of the world.


Wash hands immediately after handling reptiles or coming in contact with pet feces.


Shigellosis, also called bacillary dysentery, is an infectious disease caused by Shigella bacteria. Four main types of Shigella cause infection: Shigella dysenteriae, S. flexneri, S. boydii, and S. sonnei. CDC estimates that more than 400,000 cases occur every year in the United States. Health care providers report about 18,000 cases to CDC each year. Most cases in this country are caused by S. sonnei.


People can be infected from foodborne Shigella by eating food or drinking beverages contaminated by food handlers infected with Shigella who did not wash their hands properly after using the bathroom; by eating vegetables grown in fields containing sewage; by eating food contaminated by flies, which were bred in infected feces; and by drinking or swimming in contaminated water.

  1. sonnei is the most common type of Shigella in developed countries, including the United States. Outbreaks of shigellosis frequently occur in tropical or temperate climates, especially in areas with severe crowding and/or poor hygiene, which sometimes occur in day care and institutional settings.

Some people have no symptoms but can still pass the bacteria to others. An extremely low number of organisms (10-100) is needed to transmit Shigella. Therefore, food service workers who are sick or infected, but have no symptoms, and who do not properly wash their hands after using the toilet commonly transmit it. Those who know they have shigellosis should not prepare food or pour water for others until laboratory tests show they no longer carry Shigella bacteria.

Symptoms and Treatment

As with other foodborne diseases, symptoms of shigellosis are fever, tiredness, watery or bloody diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, and abdominal pain.

Symptoms usually begin within two days after being exposed to Shigella and usually are gone within five to seven days.

People with mild infections usually get better quickly, without taking medicine. When treatment is necessary, health care providers most often prescribe an antibiotic such as ampicillin or ciprofloxacin. Antidiarrheal medicines may make the illness worse.

People who had diarrhea symptoms usually recover completely, although their bowel habits may not return to normal until several months later. S. dysenteriae type 1 produces Shiga toxin and can lead to life-threatening hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), the same complication that develops in some cases of infection with E. coli (enterohemor-rhagic E. coli or EHEC).

  1. flexneri infection can progress to Reiter’s syndrome, which can last for months or years and can lead to chronic arthritis. Its symptoms are painful joints, irritated eyes, and painful urination.


Shigellosis may be prevented by washing hands thoroughly with soap and water before preparing foods and beverages and after using the bathroom or changing infant diapers; by disinfecting the diaper-changing areas after use; and by helping young children wash their hands carefully after they use the bathroom. You should also avoid swallowing swimming pool water.

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Foodborne Diseases, April 2002,, (February 19, 2004).

Nature Nugget – Armored Mammals

Pangolins or Scaly Anteaters are native to forested parts of Africa and Asia. There are seven species, four in Africa and three in Asia, which range in length from three to six feet. They are covered with protective, horny, overlapping scales. When danger threatens, pangolins are able to roll into a ball to defend themselves. The cutting action of their armor-plated scales, worked by powerful muscles, also protects them by inflicting serious wounds on anything inserted between them. In addition, they have well-developed, anal, scent glands that emit strong, foul-smelling secretions.

Pangolins have small heads and long, broad tails. They are toothless and have no external ears, although their hearing is good. Their sight is poor, but their sense of smell is well developed. Pangolins are nocturnal, remaining in their burrows or tree cavities during the day. They are insectivores, preferring to feed on termites and ants, which they find by digging into the victims’ nests with their clawed forefeet. They then use their extremely long tongues (up to 16 inches) to lap them up. Large salivary glands coat the tongue with a gummy mucus to which the insects stick. Pangolins have no teeth. Their gizzard-like stomach is specially designed for grinding food. The small stones and sand they consume while feeding help this process along.

Another family of armor-encased mammals, the armadillos, is found in the New World from Kansas in the United States to Patagonia in South America. There are around 20 species of these nocturnal, burrowing insectivores. A patterned, hornlike armor composed of bony plates covers the upper and side surfaces of their bodies and parts of the legs and undersides. If attacked by a predator, armadillos draw in their feet and noses, and some species roll into a ball.

Although nearly blind, armadillos have excellent senses of smell and hearing. They feed by smelling food up to eight inches below the surface and digging it out. The menu varies depending on the species. Some prefer ants and termites; others prefer beetles, larvae, caterpillars, grasshoppers, worms, or even snakes or carrion. Others are even believed to be vegetarians. Armadillos are the only animals that can transmit the disease leprosy. Due to poor blood circulation in their limbs, the temperature of 68 degrees Fahrenheit on the surface of their paws seems to be ideal for the growth of Mycobacterium leprae, which is transmitted when a captured animal defends itself with its sharp claws.

The Bible speaks of Christians putting on armor: “Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high [places]. Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand. Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness; And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace; Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked. And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God: Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints . . . .” Ephesians 6:11–18. “If we have on the heavenly armor, we shall find that the assaults of the enemy will not have power over us. Angels of God will be round about us to protect us.” Review and Herald, May 25, 1905.

David Arbour writes from his home in DeQueen, Arkansas. He may be contacted by e-mail at:

Children’s Story – Lost But Not Forgotten

It was the end of May. Ruth and Lenny were enjoying the bright, summer day, when Dad and Mom said, “Time to go and bring up the cows.”

The cows were out somewhere in the 60-plus wooded acres, and it was getting late in the day. It was time for them to be herded into the barn for milking.

Ruthie was in her early teens and her sister, Lenny, was six years younger. They had done this task before. It was a routine job, but Dad and Mom had warned them never to go through the fence, and if they ever got lost, they were to follow the fence line.

So today they started on their way, searching for a newly trodden cow path. Just a few steps ahead was Skipper, the family farm dog. This was his daily chore also. Soon they found some cow tracks. Ruthie called, “Come boss, come boss,” and listened for the sound of clanging bells. The cows wore collars with bells, so when they walked or ate, the bells would clang and alert their owners of where they were. The girls did not hear any bells.

Then it was Lenny’s turn. “Come boss, come boss,” she called. Still no bells. They decided the cows must be a long ways into the woods. They would just have to keep walking.

Along the path, the girls spotted some May flowers. “Oh,” exclaimed Lenny, “wouldn’t they be nice to take home to Mom to put on the table?” Ruthie agreed, so they started picking the wildflowers. There were nice little sprigs here and there. But while the flowers God had created were ever so pretty, the temptation of picking them had taken the girls off the narrow path of safety they had been following. Soon Ruthie decided they did not know for sure where they were. They were lost!

They continued walking, but they were growing weary, and the sun was getting lower in the western sky. Soon they came to a big swamp. Ruthie knew it was in the northwest corner of the pasture. They had to go in the opposite direction. They started out on a path while trying to keep the fence line in view and still avoiding the boggy swamp, but soon they were right back at the same spot of the swamp from which they had left. Lenny was getting scared, and Ruthie was becoming desperate. Silently Ruthie breathed a prayer to God Who cares for His children and always hears their pleas of distress.

Suddenly a thought came to Ruthie’s mind. She spoke to Skipper, “Skipper, take us home.” Skipper immediately went under the fence at a point where there was not much water. The girls remembered their parents’ warnings, but there were other considerations. The water was higher in the spring, and the fence could not be followed all the way through the swamp. Night was coming on, and they were tired and thirsty.

The girls decided to follow their family friend. He seemed to know just where he was going. Soon they came to a familiar opening in the woods. It was a road, and Ruthie and Lenny knew right where they were. They were about two miles from home. God had used Skipper to lead them to safety.

When the girls got close to home, they heard the cowbells. The cows had heard the girls calling them earlier and had found their way home.

Sometimes, as children of God, temptations can cause us to lose our way. We get off the narrow path of safety. But if we seek the Lord, He will find a way to bring us back home to His flock, even though it may be the long way around.

The Pen of Inspiration – Hannah, Mother of Samuel

The father of Samuel was Elkanah, a Levite, who dwelt at Ramah, in Mount Ephraim. He was a person of wealth and influence, a kind husband, and a man who feared and reverenced God. Hannah, the wife of Elkanah, was a woman of piety and devotion. Humility, conscientiousness, and a firm reliance upon God, were ruling traits in her character. Of Hannah it might truly be said, in the words of the wise man: “The heart of her husband doth safely trust in her.” [Proverbs 31:11.]

The blessing so earnestly sought by every Hebrew was denied this godly pair; their home was not gladdened by the voice of childhood; and the desire to perpetuate his name led the husband—as it had led many others—to contract a second marriage. But this step, prompted by a lack of faith in God, did not bring happiness. Sons and daughters were added to the household; but the joy and beauty of God’s sacred institution had been marred and the peace of the family was broken. Peninnah, the new wife, was jealous and narrow-minded, and she bore herself with pride and insolence. To Hannah, hope seemed crushed and life a weary burden; yet she met the trial with uncomplaining meekness.

Elkanah faithfully observed the ordinances of God. The worship at Shiloh was still maintained, but on account of irregularities in the ministration, his services were not required at the sanctuary, to which, being a Levite, he was to give attendance. Yet he went up with his family to worship and sacrifice at the appointed gatherings.

Even amid the sacred festivities connected with the service of God the evil spirit that had cursed his home intruded. After presenting the thank offerings, all the family, according to the established custom, united in a solemn yet joyous feast. Upon these occasions Elkanah gave the mother of his children a portion for herself and for each of her sons and daughters; and in token of regard for Hannah, he gave her a double portion, signifying that his affection for her was the same as if she had had a son. Then the second wife, fired with jealousy, claimed the precedence as one highly favored of God, and taunted Hannah with her childless state as evidence of the Lord’s displeasure.

This was repeated from year to year, until Hannah could endure it no longer. Unable to hide her grief, she wept without restraint, and withdrew from the feast. Her husband vainly sought to comfort her. “Why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved?” he said; “am I not better to thee than ten sons?” [1 Samuel 1:8.]

Hannah uttered no reproach. The burden which she could share with no earthly friend she cast upon God. Earnestly she pleaded that He would take away her reproach and grant her the precious gift of a son to nurture and train for Him. And she made a solemn vow that if her request were granted, she would dedicate her child to God, even from its birth. Hannah had drawn near to the entrance of the tabernacle, and in the anguish of her spirit she “prayed, . . . and wept sore.” Yet she communed with God in silence, uttering no sound. In those evil times such scenes of worship were rarely witnessed. Irreverent feasting and even drunkenness were not uncommon, even at the religious festivals; and Eli the high priest, observing Hannah, supposed that she was overcome with wine. Thinking to administer a deserved rebuke, he said sternly, “How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee.” [Verse 14.]

Pained and startled, Hannah answered gently, “No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the Lord. Count not thine hand-maid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto.” [Verses 15, 16.]

The high priest was deeply moved, for he was a man of God; and in place of rebuke he uttered a blessing: “Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of Him.” [Verse 17.]

Hannah’s prayer was granted; she received the gift for which she had so earnestly entreated. As she looked upon the child, she called him Samuel—“asked of God.”

During the first three years of the life of Samuel the prophet, his mother carefully taught him to distinguish between good and evil. By every familiar object surrounding him, she sought to lead his thoughts up to the Creator. In fulfillment of her vow to give her son to the Lord, with great self-denial she placed him under the care of Eli the high priest, to be trained for service in the house of God. Though Samuel’s youth was passed at the tabernacle devoted to the worship of God, he was not free from evil influences or sinful example. The sons of Eli feared not God, nor honored their father; but Samuel did not seek their company nor follow their evil ways. His early training led him to choose to maintain his Christian integrity. What a reward was Hannah’s! And what an encouragement to faithfulness is her example!

From Shiloh, Hannah quietly returned to her home at Ramah, leaving the child Samuel to be trained for service in the house of God, under the instruction of the high priest. From the earliest dawn of intellect, she had taught her son to love and reverence God, and to regard himself as the Lord’s. By every familiar object surrounding him, she had sought to lead his thoughts up to the Creator. When separated from her child, the faithful mother’s solicitude did not cease. Every day he was the subject of her prayers. Every year she made, with her own hands, a robe of service for him; and as she went up with her husband to worship at Shiloh, she gave the child this reminder of her love. Every fiber of the little garment had been woven with a prayer that he might be pure, noble, and true. She did not ask for her son worldly greatness, but she earnestly pleaded that he might attain that greatness which Heaven values—that he might honor God and bless his fellowmen.

Daughters of God, 39–41.

Ellen G. White (1827–1915) wrote more than 5,000 periodical articles and 40 books during her lifetime. Today, including compilations from her 50,000 pages of manuscript, more than 100 titles are available in English. She is the most translated woman writer in the entire history of literature, and the most translated American author of either gender. Seventh-day Adventists believe that Mrs. White was appointed by God as a special messenger to draw the world’s attention to the Holy Scriptures and help prepare people for Christ’s second advent.